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章瑩穎案啟動量刑階段審判,嫌犯能否被判死刑?
來源:中國日報微信公眾號(ID:chinadailywx),央視新聞微信公眾號,CGTN,The News-Gazette    日期: 2019-07-11

美國當地時間7月8日上午,中國訪問學者章瑩穎被謀殺案審判正式進入量刑階段。嫌犯克里斯滕森是否將被判死刑成為各界關注的焦點。

 

量刑階段將最后決定克里斯滕森是否被處以極刑——死刑。據悉,最終的量刑結果預計將在兩周后揭曉。

 

6月24日下午1:00時,被告克里斯滕森3項指控罪名全部成立(1項“綁架謀殺罪”和2項“虛假陳述罪”),但這不意味著克里斯滕森就能被判處死刑。戳這里回顧《裁定!克里斯滕森綁架和謀殺章瑩穎罪名成立》。

 

12名陪審員必須再次達成一致意見,決定是否適用死刑。如有一人持不同意見,嫌犯就將逃脫死刑判罰。據央視新聞報道,據記者現場觀察,12名陪審團成員中7男5女,其中有11名白人,1名拉丁裔居民,大都在35到50歲之間。

 

據了解,陪審團是由隨機選擇加面試的方式選出,來自各行各業。由于本案涉及死刑判決,而超過半數的普通美國民眾反對使用死刑,因此法官在面試此案陪審團成員時的重要標準是不得反對死刑。

 

自2011年起,伊利諾伊州已廢除死刑,而且在此之前的11年里沒有作出過死刑判決。但聯邦檢察官仍然可以在廢除死刑的州提出死刑控告。

 

Illinois abolished capital punishment in 2011 and put a moratorium on the practice 11 years before that. But federal prosecutors can still seek the death penalty in states that have abolished capital punishment. 

 

 

章瑩穎案量刑審判開始 檢方呼吁死刑判決

 

首日量刑審判共持續4個小時。嫌犯克里斯滕森出庭。嫌犯父母、章瑩穎家人也出現在庭審現場。

 

開庭后,被告和原告首先進行開場陳述。隨后雙方進行舉證和質證。檢方呼吁陪審團判處克里斯滕森死刑,而被告律師則請求陪審團判決嫌犯終身監禁且不得假釋。

 

美國伊利諾伊州當地媒體The News-Gazette 對量刑階段第一天的現場情況進行了文字直播↓↓↓

 

控方量刑階段列8大重判因素

 

檢方給出多項重判的理由,指出嫌犯將受害者綁架、虐待、殺害的過程及手段異常殘忍,且蓄謀已久。此外,把女兒遺體帶回中國安葬是章瑩穎家人最后的心愿,然而嫌犯至今不肯透露章瑩穎尸體的藏匿地點。

 

據The News-Gazette報道,正式審判開始后,代表公訴方的美國司法部檢察官詹姆斯·尼爾森從章瑩穎日記的最后一行開始,展開了他的陳述。

 

U.S. Department of Justice attorney James Nelson gave the opening statement for the prosecution, starting with the last line from Ms. Zhang's journal.

 

“生命太短暫,不愿意平凡。” 

 

 "Life is too short to be ordinary."

 

“她無法預知自己的生命有多短暫,”尼爾森說。

 

"She had no way of knowing how short her life would be," he said. 

 

章瑩穎/資料圖

 

尼爾森呼吁陪審團給予死刑判決。他說,“這不是一個常規的犯罪,而是冷酷的、謀劃長達數月之久的殘忍行徑。”

 

Calling for the death penalty, Nelson said it was "not an ordinary crime. It was cold, calculated, cruel and months in the making."

 

尼爾森列舉了8項法定加重判決因素,其中包括克里斯滕森作案早有預謀,作案手段殘忍, 章瑩穎英語不那么好,更愿意相信警察(注:章瑩穎失蹤當天,克里斯滕森自稱是警察并向她出示了警徽,從而騙章瑩穎上車),章瑩穎身材嬌小,是“理想的”受害者......

 

He went through the government's eight aggravating factors, including that he planned it, it was cruel, that she spoke poor English and was likely to trust a police officer, and that she was small and the ideal size of a victim.

 

同時,律師表示,克里斯滕森通過清理犯罪現場和藏匿被害者的遺體來阻撓調查。“讓死者無法在中國故土安葬,讓痛苦無止無休”(克里斯滕森至今未供述章瑩穎的遺體下落。)

 

Also, the attorney said Christensen obstructed the investigation by cleaning the crime scene and hiding her body. "There will be no proper burial in China. There will be no closure. You will see the anguish."

 

律師表示,這樣惡劣的罪行理應重判,要求陪審團判克里斯滕森死刑。

 

He said this crime "deserves an extraordinary penalty" and asked the jury to sentence Christensen to death.

 

辯方列54條減罪理由

 

而被告律師則提出了輕判的情節,如嫌犯長期對酒精和藥物有依賴,且患有嚴重的抑郁癥和焦慮癥。嫌犯在2016年與時任妻子離婚后病情加重,多次在大學尋求心理及精神救助未果。

 

辯方給陪審團提出了54條克里斯滕森應該減輕罪行的理由,包括他酗酒的母親、他此前沒有犯罪記錄,以及他在伊州大學咨詢中心沒有得到合理的治療等。

 

They went over the defense's list of 54 mitigating factors, or reasons Christensen shouldn’t receive death penalty, which range from his alcoholic mother to no criminal history to allegedly not receiving proper care at the UI Counseling Center.

 

辯方由法庭指定的律師Julie Brain發表了辯護方的開案陳詞。她說,克里斯滕森“會在監獄死去,孤獨一人,周圍只有陌生人。” 

 

For the defense, court-appointed attorney Julie Brain gave the opening, saying Christensen "will die in prison, alone, with strangers."

 

“剩下的唯一問題就是他將何時死去——是在監獄中終老死去,還是以被判決死刑的方式終結生命,”她說。

 

"The only question that remains is when his death occurs — at the end of his natural life or at a date the government chooses," she said.

 

克里斯滕森/資料圖

 

辯方律師把克里斯滕森描述成一個被精神健康問題困擾一生的人——他經常半夜驚醒、夢游,還有會導致神經衰弱的偏頭痛。

 

She described Christensen as someone who struggled his whole life with mental health issues — night terrors, walking in his sleep, debilitating migraines.

 

律師表示,在伊利諾伊州大學期間也深受困擾,情況惡化。她說,克里斯滕森曾尋求過心理健康治療,但沒有得到他所需要的幫助。

 

But he struggled at UI, too, as the demands increased. She said he sought mental health treatment, but didn’t get the help he needed.

 

“犯下該罪的確是他的錯,但這不是一個應該判處以死刑的案件。”他的律師表示。

 

While she said the crime is "his fault," "this is not a case that deserves the death penalty."

 

“他也不是連環殺手。”她的說法駁斥了檢方此前提出的克里斯滕森聲稱有13名受害者的說法。(章瑩穎失蹤初期,FBI曾在嫌犯女友身上安裝竊聽裝置,記錄了嫌犯和女友的8次對話。克里斯滕森還在錄音中稱章瑩穎是自己的第13個受害者。)

 

"He is not a serial killer," she said, refuting Christensen’s claim of 13 victims.

 

律師還表示,在他被監禁的兩年時間內,他沒有表現出任何危險跡象。她鼓勵陪審員做出道德的決定,保持開放的心態,并判處他終身監禁而非死刑。

 

Said he's shown no signs of dangerousness in two years in jail. She encouraged jurors to make a moral decision, to keep an open mind, and to sentence him to life in prison without the possibility of release.

 

庭審現場,受害者章瑩穎的未婚夫侯霄霖講述了他們相愛相知的故事。他們同為廣州中山大學的本科生。“她聰明、勇敢、樂觀,是我生命中遇到過的最好的女孩。” 

 

The victim's fiancé, Xiaolin Hou, told the jury the couple met while undergraduates at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, China. "She's smart, she's brave, she's optimistic, she's the best girl I ever met," he said.

 

現場還播放了章瑩穎朋友錄制的7段視頻。

 

她的一位朋友表示,她去美國后自己就開始擔心她的安全,因為章對所有人都很好。

 

Lixha Fang said she worried for her friend's safety when she moved to the US because Zhang was so nice to everyone.

 

另一位朋友表示,第一次在宿舍見到章瑩穎時,就被這個“瘦瘦的、笑容滿面的女孩”吸引住了,很快成為親密的朋友。

 

Another friend, Ye Cai, said when she first met Zhang in their dorm, she was struck by a "skinny, very smiley girl", and the pair soon became close friends. 

 

 

7月9日,庭審第二日,章瑩穎母親葉麗鳳通過錄制的視頻參與作證,視頻中被問到女兒被害后的影響,章瑩穎母親表示:“這真的,真的很痛苦,很艱難。我們一家不知該如何繼續(生活)。我不知道該如何活下去。我想看女兒穿上婚紗,她還沒有穿過婚紗,我真的很想當外婆。” 

 

Asked about the impact of her loss, her mother said, "It is really, really painful. It is really, really hard. It is so, so difficult." "Our entire family does not know how to carry on," she said. Said it was hard to go on from one day to the next.

 

“How am I supposed to carry on living?” her mom asked. “I really don’t know how to carry on.”

 

“My daughter did not get to wear a wedding dress,” she said. “I really wanted to be a grandma.”

 

章瑩穎父親在陳詞中也表示,夫妻二人自從女兒失蹤后沒睡過一個好覺,他甚至無法集中注意力,前陣子還從樓梯上摔下。

 

Her father also finished his testimony, talking about how he and his wife have not been able to sleep well since Ms. Zhang went missing. Said he's not able to concentrate and recently fell down the stairs.

 

“我不知道該如何繼續度過余生,瑩穎是我的驕傲,也是我的全部。” 章瑩穎父親說。

 

"I do not know how to live the remainder of my life," he said. "Yingying ... she's my pride and also my everything."

 

章瑩穎男友陳詞并多次強調罪犯的殘忍手段給章瑩穎及其家人帶來無盡痛苦,表示 “本想去美國做博士后,再和她一起回國結婚”,“自己人生中最重要的人被奪走了”,“我永遠不會放棄尋找她”。辯方稱此為不正當證詞,提出無效審判請求但被法官拒絕。

 

Yingying Zhang’s boyfriend, Xiaolin Hou said he hoped to finish his Ph.D. and get his post-doctorate in the U.S., and then return to China with her, and that they planned to get married in October 2017. 

 

“I will never give up hope to find her,” he said.

 

當天,章瑩穎守夜活動當晚的錄音也在法庭播放。錄音中克里斯滕森笑著談論自己如何殺害章瑩穎等可怕內容。

 

The prosecution played many of the gruesome tapes made the evening of the campus vigil, such as when Brendt Christensen laughed while talking about how he killed Ms. Zhang. 

 

此外,克里斯滕森在監獄中與他父母及前妻的通話錄音也在法庭播放。他在電話中多次聲稱自己是無辜的。

 

They also played tapes of him in jail making calls asserting his innocence and casting doubt on the government's case against him. 

 

章瑩穎案量刑審判第三天:被告父親出庭痛哭道歉 

 

美國當地時間10日,章瑩穎案量刑階段的審判繼續進行。克里斯滕森的父親在法庭上被問到有什么話想對章瑩穎家屬說,他說:“對不起,是我兒子導致了他們的痛苦”。他的父親還說,“我可以接受死刑判決,但不是真的被‘處死’,他還可以做出許多貢獻。” 

 

據《紐約時報》報道,30歲的克里斯滕森可能會向檢方提出告知他對章瑩穎的遺體做了什么作為免死交換條件。目前,章瑩穎的遺體仍未找到。

 

The 30-year-old Christensen might testify. And in an effort to save his life, he could possibly reveal what he did with Zhang's body, which has never been found.

 

綜合來源:中國日報微信公眾號(ID:chinadailywx),央視新聞微信公眾號,CGTN,The News-Gazette





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